Power Sector Transition in


Odisha's transition to cleaner energy sources, given its substantial industrial presence and coal-dependent sectors, has the potential to be a pivotal point in India's decarbonization journey.

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Topical Summaries

Odisha Fishing 1
Odisha Farm
Odisha Natura
Indian Worker
India Powerline
Odisha Natural 2
Odisha Fishing 2
Odisha Fishing 3
Odisha Fishing 1
Odisha Farm
Odisha's transition to cleaner energy sources could serve as a pivotal point in India's decarbonization journey, particularly given the region’s coal-dependent sectors and substantial industrial presence including steel and aluminum manufacturing, as well as oil refining. Low-end estimates of Odisha’s solar energy potential place it at 25.8 gigawatts (GW), while high-end estimates go up to 170 GW. India has set solar targets since 2010, and in 2022, the country raised its renewable energy targets to 500 GW by 2030, of which 280 GW will come from solar generation. There are currently ten renewable projects of over 50 GW each planned for Odisha, including both solar and hydropower. However, Odisha’s fossil fuel roots can’t be ignored. In 2021, Odisha became India's second-largest coal producer and it has the country's largest coal mining reserves. A striking 90% of Odisha’s electricity production relies on coal, even as the region aims to produce 43% of electricity from renewable sources by 2030. As of June 2023, both the state and central governments lack concrete coal phaseout plans. Nevertheless, Odisha's significant potential for a just and strategic energy transition positions it as a possible catalyst for broader national decarbonization efforts, significantly influencing India's sustainability and carbon reduction goals. With Odisha’s significant workforce size in the coal industry, there is ample opportunity to retrain some portion of these workers for renewable energy jobs.

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Power Sector Transition in Odisha

Odisha Operating and Prospective Energy Capacity in 2023 (Megawatts)

Energy Source / StatusAnnouncedPre-ConstructionConstructionOperating

Articles and Resources

  1. Nearly 70.1 GW Solar Power Capacity Installed in the Country Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Aug 9, 2023
  2. Bigger than Oil or Gas? Sizing up Coal Mine Methane 2022 Global Energy Monitor, Febuary 2022
  3. India's clean energy transition is rapidly underway, benefiting the entire world International Energy Agency, Jan 10, 2022
  4. Odisha Climate Change Action Plan 2021-30 Forest, Environment & Climate Change Department, Government of Odisha, 2021
  5. The way forward for Odisha power sector National Council of Applied conomic Research(NCAER), April 23, 023
  6. Odisha’s solar potential seven times more than MNRE estimates, says study Mongabay, Feb 17, 2023
  1. Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (Procurement of Energy from Renewable Sources and its Compliance) Regulations 2021 Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission, Jan 17, 2022
  2. Odisha State Action Plan on Climate Change For the period 2018-2023 Forest and Environment Department, June 15 2018
  3. Health Impacts Assessment of the Integrated Steel Plant, JSW Utkal Steel Limited in Odisha, India Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), Jan 24, 2022
  4. Why India’s New Coal Mines Won’t Solve its Power Crisis Global Energy Monitor, October 2022
  5. Odisha Renewable Energy Policy, 2022 Government of Odisha, Energy Department, Nov 30 2022