Power Sector Transition in


Gujarat achieved 44% of its installed capacity from renewable sources by 2023. Its energy transition journey offers valuable lessons in reducing fossil fuel dependence in India.

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Gujarat Wind
Gujarat Solar
Gujarat farm
Gujarat Nature
The state of Gujarat, India plays a pivotal role in the country’s renewable energy landscape. Despite starting as a stronghold of natural gas energy, Gujarat achieved 44% of installed energy capacity from renewable sources in 2023 and is committed to reaching 80 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy by 2030. Gujarat could serve as a powerful example of how to effect the energy transition. The state has the distinction of being the first in India to establish its own gas transmission line. Among India's 23 operational oil and gas fields, six are located in Gujarat. Coal has also played a role in Gujarat, sparking grassroots opposition to mining and generation activities within the state, due to their adverse impacts on land use, farmlands, and water resources. Yet, since 2009, Gujarat has consistently generated surplus renewable power, contributing nearly 12% of the nation's renewable energy. Gujarat's journey offers valuable lessons in reducing fossil fuel dependence and creating a renewable energy hub in its place.

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Power Sector Transition in Gujarat

Gujarat Operating and Prospective Energy Capacity in 2023 (Megawatts)

Energy Source / StatusAnnouncedPre-constructionConstructionOperating
Onshore Wind2,62247610,190
Offshore Wind600

Articles and Resources

  1. Bigger than Oil or Gas? Sizing up Coal Mine Methane 2022 Global Energy Monitor, Febuary 2022
  2. Future skills and job creation with renewable energy in India: Assessing the co-benefits of decarbonising the power sector Council on Energy, Environment and Water(CEEW), Skill Council for Green Jobs(SCGJ), India, October 2019
  3. Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission (Procurement of Energy From Renewable Sources) (Third Amendment) Regulations, Gercin.org, 2022
  4. Gujarat focuses on net-zero and carbon-free ecosystem, 50 per cent energy needs from renewable energy sources by 2030. Organiser, Sep 16,2022
  5. Gujarat is now the Fourth State to Meet RE Targets For 2022, But Four Key States Need to Ramp Up EQ Mag Pro, Sep 22, 2022
  6. Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited - Power Generation  GSECL, Last update: Aug 28, 2023
  7. Gujarat to reduce carbon emissions from power production to 139 million tonnes by 2030 The Economic Times, June 5, 2022
  1. India's clean energy transition is rapidly underway, benefiting the entire world International Energy Agency, Jan 10, 2022
  2. India's Expanding Clean Energy Workforce 2022 Update Council on Energy, Environment and Water; NRDC India; and Skill Council for Green Jobs, Feb 2022
  3. IREDA to establish office in Gujarat’s GIFT city to finance Renewable Energy projects in foreign currency Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India, Feb-24-2023
  4. Nearly 70.1 GW Solar Power Capacity Installed in the Country Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Aug 9, 2023
  5. Renewable Power Obligation Target in Gujarat Set at 17% for FY 2023 Mercom Clean Enegry Insights, pril 13, 2022
  6. Why India’s New Coal Mines Won’t Solve its Power Crisis Global Energy Monitor, October 2022