Power Sector Transition in


Bali has pioneered several regional regulations and policies toward the Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 initiative, making it a standout location for the energy transition.

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Topical Summaries

Bali Paddy Field
Solar Panel Worker
Reject Coal Power Plant
Energy Transition Message
Implementing Solar Panel
Bali Farm
Bali Fishing
Bali Paddy Field
Solar Panel Worker
Bali’s longtime quest for energy independence makes it a crucial opportunity zone for the energy transition. Bali has pioneered several regional regulations and policies toward the Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 initiative (see Government Policies and Targets), making it a standout location for the energy transition. Despite this public commitment, renewable energy accounted for less than 2% of Bali’s electricity generation in 2022. As of 2019, 69.7% of Bali’s 1,320 MW energy demand was sourced from local fossil fuel energy sources, and the country relied on coal power from East Java for an estimated 30% of its demand. A coal phase-out combined with growth of renewable energy could enable a significant shift for both East Java and Bali. At a population of 4.3 million in 2020, Bali’s energy developments have a strong local impact, in addition to the potential for setting a positive global example. Bali’s energy demand is expected to grow to 2,000 MW by 2025 due to increased tourism.

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Power Sector Transition in Bali

Bali Operating and Prospective Energy Capacity in 2023 (Megawatts)

Energy Source / StatusAnnouncedPre-ConstructionConstructionOperating

* Solar and wind projects under 10MW, hydropower projects under 75MW are not shown on the map above

Articles and Resources

  1. Bali can lead as the clean energy province, the island owned enormous potential for technical and market of solar PV Institute for Essential Services Reform(IESR), Jun-15-2021
  2. Bali Provincial Government Accelerates Environmentally Friendly Energy Commitments from the G20 Summit Wonderful Indonesia(Ministry of Tourism), Republic of Indonesia, Nov-10-2022
  3. CASE Insights: The Influence of Socio-cultural Perspectives on the Energy Transition Narrative in Bali CASE Indonesia, 2022
  4. East Java – Bali Power Distribution Strengthening Project, Environmental & Social Management Planning Framework PT PLN (Persero), Jan 2020
  5. Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook 2023: Tracking Progress of Energy Transition in Indonesia: Pursuing Energy Security in the Time of Transition. Jakarta: Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), 2022
  6. Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) PLN (Persero), 2023
  1. Nangun Sat Kerthi Loka Bali Office of Education, Youth and Sports of Bali Province, Retrieved in May 2023
  2. Polluting Paradise - FA GP PLTU BAWANG INGGRIS.indd Greenpeace Greenpeace, April 2018
  3. Rencana Umum Energi Daerah Provinsi Bali Tahun 2020-2050 Database Peraturan BPK, Sep-28-2020
  4. Renewable Pathway More Cost Effective than Fossil Fuels in Indonesia IRENA, Oct-21-2022
  5. Scaling up renewables in the Java-Bali power system: A case study IEA, Jan-21-2022
  6. Supporting National Economic Recovery through Power Sector Initiatives: Accelerating rooftop solar photovoltaics deployment for Indonesia’s green recovery. Clean, Affordable and Secure Energy for Southeast Asia (CASE) in Indonesia (CASE Indonesia) CASE Indonesia, June 2022